Orthodontics refers to the field of dentistry focusing on the alignment and structural correcting of your teeth in order to ensure proper form, function, health, and aesthetics. Those with misaligned bites (under or overbites), crooked teeth and more often seek out the services of an orthodontist.
These treatments often involve braces or retainers. Braces work by applying consistent pressure over time in order to gently shift teeth into a more desirable position. Traditional braces consist of brackets which are small squares bonded to the anterior of the teeth. These brackets act as an anchor and to hold metal wires in place. These wires are used to apply pressure in various directions, guiding the tooth into position. Meanwhile, rubber bands, known as o-rings, act as spacers. In some cases, springs may also be placed to push, pull or open up spaces between teeth.
Types of Braces Include:
- Metal braces
- Ceramic braces
- Lingual braces